Athens has probably been inhabited for some six thousand years. It may be the oldest continuously inhabited capital city in Europe.At the beginning of the second millennium B.C. Greek-speaking people, sometimes called Achaeans, first entered Greece from the north. The Athenians always distinguished themselves from non-Greek-speaking people, whom they usually referred to as Pelasgians. It is not known whether they massacred them, drove them out, or subjugated them. Traces of their non-Hellenic tongue are still to be found in many of the topographical names of Attica. Even the name 'Athens' itself does not appear to be Greek. Topographical names with the forms '-ssos' and '-ttos', such as Kifissos, Ilissos, Ardettos, Lykabettos and Hymettos, are also believed to belong to the pre-Greek language once spoken in Attica.
The heart of the modern Greek capital houses the most important buildings connected to Greek culture and intellectual achievement.
Syntagma Square in the center of Athens ,lies in front of the Greek Parliament Building
and the tomb of the Unknown Soldier which attracts countless tourists every day.
All Greek distances are measured from here in Km.The Syntagma square has many embassies and ministries, the offices of airlines and large companies ,banks and luxury hotels.
Near Syntagma square are the national gardens.The national gardens were formerly for the exclusive use of the palace. Now they are open to everyone.
On the eastern side of the gardens ,along Irodou AttiKou St is the new palace, now the residence of the president of the Republic of Greece.
The Zapio Megaro is today one of the most up-to-date centers for Greek and international conferences .Its little paths are where group of Athenians hold sessions of their outdoor Parliaments, attempting to solve the country's problems, on the model of the outdoor Parliament of Hyde Park in London.
The Greek National library, the third great megaron here is a building in the Doric style and contains over one million volumes of books, manuscripts, gospels and archetypals.Diagonally opposite the library is the renovated Arsakio where the Council of State is house.
Going down Panepistimiou St. you reach the large Square of Omonia.
The acropolis with its small nearby hills and convenient access to spring water, is a natural fortress and place of retreat in times of danger. The plain around it, the Lekanopedia, broken only by the range of Anchesmos, of which Mount Lycabettus, to the east of the Acropolis, is the highest point, is often described as arid.
Athens General Information
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