Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is situated in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain.Urbanized area connects Zagreb with the following surrounding districts: Sesvete, Zaprešić, Samobor, Dugo Selo and Velika Gorica Sesvete was the first and the closest one to become a part of the agglomeration and is in fact already administratively included in the City of Zagreb
The climate of Zagreb is classified as an oceanic climate near the boundary of the humid continental climate. Zagreb has four separate seasons. Summers are hot, and winters are cold, without a discernible dry season.
The most important historical high-rise constructions are Neboder on Ban Jelačić Square, Cibona Tower (1987) and Zagrepčanka (1976) on Savska Street, Mamutica in Travno (Novi Zagreb - istok district, built in 1974) and Zagreb TV Tower on Sljeme (built in 1973).
In the 2000s, the city council approved a new plan that allowed for the many recent high-rise structures in Zagreb, such as the Almeria Tower, Eurotower, HOTO Tower and Zagrebtower. Other new skyscrapers are also in construction or planned, notably the Sky Office Tower. In Novi Zagreb, the neighbourhoods of Blato and Lanište expanded significantly, including the Zagreb Arena and the adjoining business centre.
Due to a long-standing restriction that forbade construction of 10-story or higher buildings most of Zagreb's skyscrapers date from 70s and 80s and new apartment buildings on the outskirts of the city are usually 4-8 floors tall. Exceptions to the restriction have been made in recent years, such as permitting the construction of skyscrapers in Lanište or Kajzerica
Zagreb is an important tourist center, not only in terms of passengers travelling from Western and Central Europe to the Adriatic Sea, but also as a travel destination itself. Since the end of the war, it has attracted around half a million visitors annually, mainly from Austria, Germany and Italy. However, the city has even greater potential as many tourists that visit Croatia skip Zagreb in order to visit the beaches along the Croatian Adriatic coast and old historic Renaissance cities such as Dubrovnik, Split, and Zadar.
The historical part of the city to the north of Ban Jelačić Square is composed of the Gornji Grad and Kaptol, a medieval urban complex of churches, palaces, museums, galleries and government buildings that are popular with tourists on sightseeing tours. The historic district can be reached on foot, starting from Jelačić Square, the center of Zagreb, or by a funicular on nearby Tomićeva Street.
Zagreb's numerous museums reflect the history, art and culture not only of Zagreb and Croatia, but also of Europe and the world. Around thirty collections in museums and galleries comprise more than 3.6 million various exhibits, excluding church and private collections.
The Archaeological Museum (19 Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square) collections, today consisting of nearly 400,000 varied artifacts and monuments, have been gathered over the years from many different sources. These holdings include evidence of Croatian presence in the area. The most famous are the Egyptian collection, the Zagreb mummy and bandages with the oldest Etruscan inscription in the world (Liber Linteus Zagrabiensis), as well as the numismatic collection.
Croatian Natural History Museum (1 Demetrova Street) holds one of the world's most important collection of Neanderthal remains found at one site.These are the remains, stone weapons and tools of prehistoric Krapina man. The holdings of the Croatian Natural History Museum comprise more than 250,000 specimens distributed among various different collections.
Museum of Technology (18 Savska Street) was founded in 1954 and it maintains the oldest preserved machine in the area, dating from 1830, which is still operational. The museum exhibits numerous historic aircraft, cars, machinery and equipment. There are some distinct sections in the museum: the Planetarium, the Apisarium, the Mine (model of mines for coal, iron and non-ferrous metals, about 300 m (980 ft) long), and the Nikola Tesla study.
Museum of the City of Zagreb (20 Opatička Street) was established in 1907 by the Association of the Braća Hrvatskog Zmaja. It is located in a restored monumental complex (Popov toranj, the Observatory, Zakmardi Granary) of the former Convent of the Poor Clares, of 1650. The Museum deals with topics from the cultural, artistic, economic and political history of the city spanning from Roman finds to the modern period. The holdings comprise 75,000 items arranged systematically into collections of artistic and mundane objects characteristic of the city and its history.
Arts and Crafts Museum (10 Marshal Tito Square) was founded in 1880 with the intention of preserving the works of art and craft against the new predominance of industrial products. With its 160,000 exhibits, the Arts and Crafts Museum is a national-level museum for artistic production and the history of material culture in Croatia.
Ethnographic Museum (14 Ivan Mažuranić Square) was founded in 1919. It lies in the fine Secession building of the one-time Trades Hall of 1903. The ample holdings of about 80,000 items cover the ethnographic heritage of Croatia, classified in the three cultural zones: the Pannonian, Dinaric and Adriatic.
The museum called the "Art Collection of Ante and Wiltrud Topić Mimara" or, for short, the Mimara Museum (5 Roosevelt Square), was founded with a donation from Ante "Mimara" Topić and opened to the public in 1987. It is located in a late 19th century neo-Renaissance palace.The holdings comprise 3,750 works of art of various techniques and materials, and different cultures and civilizations.
Croatian Naïve Art Museum (works by Croatian primitivists at 3 Ćirilometodska Street) is considered to be the first museum of naïve art in the world. The museum keeps works of Croatian naïve expression of the 20th century. It is located in the 18th century Raffay Palace in the Gornji Grad. The museum holdings consist of 1500 works of art - paintings, sculptures, drawings and prints, mainly by Croatians but also by other well-known world artists. From time to time, the museum organizes topics and retrospective exhibitions by naïve artists, expert meetings and educational workshops and playrooms.
The Museum of Contemporary Art was founded in 1954 and a rich collection of Croatian and foreign contemporary visual art has been collected throughout the decades. The Museum (2 St. Catherine's Square) is located in a space within the Kulmer Palace in the Gornji Grad. The new Museum building in Novi Zagreb opened in 2009.
Other museums and galleries
Valuable historical collections are also found in the Croatian School Museum, the Croatian Hunting Museum, the Croatian Sports Museum, the Croatian Post and Telecommunications Museum, the HAZU (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts) Glyptotheque (collection of monuments), and the HAZU Graphics Cabinet.
The Strossmayer's Old Masters Gallery (11 Zrinski Square) offers permanent holdings presenting European paintings from the 14th to 19th centuries,and the Ivan Meštrović Studio, (8 Mletačka Street) with sculptures, drawings, lithography portfolios and other items, was a donation of this great artist to his homeland The Museum and Gallery Center (4 Jesuit Square) introduces on various occasions the Croatian and foreign cultural and artistic heritage. The Art Pavilion (22 King Tomislav Square) by Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellmer who were the most famous designers of theaters in Central Europe is a neo-classical exhibition complex and one of the landmarks of the downtown. The exhibitions are also held in the impressive Meštrović building on Žrtava Fašizma Square — the Home of Croatian Fine Artists. The World Center "Wonder of Croatian Naïve Art" (12 Ban Jelačić Square) exhibits masterpieces of Croatian naïve art as well as the works of a new generation of artists. The Modern Gallery (1 Hebrangova Street) comprises all relevant fine artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Upper and Lower Towns
Gornji grad, or the Upper Town and Donji grad or Lower Town are the cultural, religious and commercial hub of Zagreb. This is where most of the restaurants, bars and tourist sights are located. The Upper Town, which is the medieval core of the city, developed as two separate (and often warring) towns - Kaptol, the seat of the Bishop (where the imposing Cathedral now stands), and Gradec, the free town where tradesmen and artisans lived (proclaimed by King Bela of Hungary in the 12th century) merged in the 1770s to form the northern section of historic Zagreb. Following this, the city expanded south of today's Trg Bana Josipa Jelacica (Jelacic Square) to the railway station and the Sava River.
Visit the old town gate, at the top of Radićeva street (Upper Town) - now a shrine to virgin Mary - the "Kamenita vrata" where you can light a candle and, as the locals believe, your wish will be granted.
In the Summer the Strossmayer šetalište becomes an outdoor scene for painters, musicians and other artists offering food, drinks, performances and concerts. Popular meeting place for all ages, with a great view of the
The city has many parks which locals like to use during the weekends. The biggest and most popular is the "Maksimir" an old english style park at the east part of the city. Great place to chill put, drink coffe, eat lunch (picnic or at the park's restaurant) or take nice long walks through the forrest or by the small lakes. Good for joggers, cyclists, also child and dog friendly. Offers lake rowing. Located inside the park Maksimir is also the Zagreb ZOO . Opened 85. years ago and still, in its small arrea, hosting a wonderfull collection of various animals. Recent new inhabitants - Red Pandas.
Other city parks are connected in the "Lenucci Horseshoe", an unfinished project of combining small green squares and parks at the core of the center of the town. These include the Zrinjevac park (just south - east of the main square), the park of the Academy (connecting the Zrinjevac and Tomislav parks) the King Tomislav square (south of Zrinjevac, just outside the main Train Station), the Botanical Gardens (south of the K. Tomislav Square, near the Hotel Esplanade), Mažuranić square and the Square of Maršal Tito - the green square sorrounding the National Theatre. These are all great places to enjoy nature and take a rest from the busy life during the summer. Each is special in its own way and offers a different botanic and/or cultural view of the city. Connecting these on foot makes a lovely walk through the Lower City.
Zagreb has two very popular lakes. The Jarun located at the south part of the city offers swimming during the summer and various clubs, bars and restaurants lined up its coast opened all year long and the Bundek lake hosts horticultural shows, firework festivals, workshops, concerts and mucis festivals (mostlyduring the summer).
Zagreb has been, and is, hosting some of the most popular artists in music industry, such as Rolling Stones (1976. and 1998.), U2, Eric Clapton, Deep Purple, Bob Dylan, Depeche Mode, Prodigy, Beyoncé, Nick Cave, Manu Chao, Massive Attack, Metallica, Snoop Dogg, Lady Gaga and many more. This is mostly recognized because of the city's location in central and eastern Europe, and it's good traffic relations with other neighbouring capital cities in that part of Europe. This is the effort of Zagreb community to increase the percentage of tourist visits during the summer time, as Croatia, in generally, is a popular destination for many people around the globe during the vacation period.
There are about 20 permanent or seasonal theaters and stages. The Croatian National Theater in Zagreb was built in 1895 and opened by emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. The most renowned concert hall is named "Vatroslav Lisinski", after the composer of the first Croatian opera was built in 1973.
Animafest, the World Festival of Animated Films, takes place every even-numbered year, and the Music Bienniale, the international festival of avant-garde music, every odd-numbered year. It also hosts the annual ZagrebDox documentary film festival. The Festival of the Zagreb Philharmonic and the flowers exhibition Floraart (end of May or beginning of June), the Old-timer Rally annual events. In the summer, theater performances and concerts, mostly in the Upper Town, are organized either indoors or outdoors. The stage on Opatovina hosts the Zagreb Histrionic Summer theater events.
Zagreb is also the host of Zagrebfest, the oldest Croatian pop-music festival, as well as of several traditional international sports events and tournaments. The Day of the City of Zagreb on November 16 is celebrated every year with special festivities, especially on the Jarun lake near the southwestern part of the city.
RFF is a new film festival, which will have its third edition this January. The RFF is organized and run by a group of young enthusiasts, who struggle to find some way of expressing themselves in "this cruel world".
Souvenirs and Shopping
If you are looking for a souvenir, perhaps the best place to visit is the Turistički informativni centar located in the central square in Zagreb (Trg bana Josipa Jelačića 11). There you can find everything ranging from postcards and books to pottery and crystal. In Radićeva Street at No. 35 you'll find GEA Gallery offering a wide range of souvenirs that are made in Croatia and are very reasonably priced. Also, check out the two shops on your right as you are walking from the central square to the Cathedral (Bakačeva Street).
Numerous shops, boutiques, store houses and shopping centers offer a variety of quality clothing. Zagreb's offerings include crystal, china and ceramics, wicker or straw baskets, and top-quality Croatian wines and gastronomic products.
Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the tie or cravat, an accessory named after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century and the ball-point pen, a tool developed from the inventions by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.
There are many small grocery stores around Croatia such as Konzum and Diona. There you can buy most necessary foods, hygiene products and items like cigarettes and alcohol. If you have a more specific need (like appliances, cutlery) or wish to go bulk shopping then try one of the larger Konzums, Kaufland or Mercator. Bread in Croatia is sold unsliced and is generally inedible after the second day of life, so if you don't eat bread much then ask for half a loaf "pola". Most brands that you likely know from home, like Nutella or M&M's, can be found in the larger stores but are rather expensive. Trying a domestic alternative or knock-off is not a bad idea.
Zagreb also has designated areas, the singular being a "platz", where you can buy and barter for clothes and shoes as well as perfume, chocolate and souvenirs. Illegally imported cigarettes are also often sold for cheap there (because of high importation taxes).
Croatian cuisine is heterogeneous and is therefore known as the cuisine of regions, since every region has its own distinct culinary traditions. Its modern roots date back to ancient periods and the differences in the selection of foodstuffs and forms of cooking are most notable between those on the mainland and those in coastal regions.
Mainland cuisine is more characterized by the earlier Slavic and the more recent contacts with the more famous gastronomic orders of today - Hungarian, Viennese and in some part of land Turkish - while the coastal region bears the influences of the Greek, Roman and Illyrian, as well as of the later Mediterranean cuisine - Italian and French.
Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialities of national and international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta), štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and orehnjača (traditional walnut roll).
There are many take out, pizza-cut, sandwich bars and fast foods arround the city. Most are located in the city center (main square - Ban Jelačić and sorrounding blocks).
Sandwich Bar Pingvin, Nikole Tesle 10, 10000, Zagreb, Hrvatska, 01 48 11 446.
Classic sandwich bar with a wide menu and reasonably good mix of languages, on one of the central streets, close to the Flower Square and Trg Ban Jelcica. One of the most popular dishes is the "toplo/hladno" ("hot/cold") a grilled chicken and vegetables sandwich.
Close to it, also in the Teslina street are "American Doughnut" a sanwdich bar that also serves salads and deserts, and "Pizza cut Duck" a pizza-slice bar that also serves fresh tortillas with veggie and/or meat filling. Another popular sandwich bar that also serves pancakes and hot wine in the winter is "Bonita" located at the Flower Square. *"MOCA" Newly open at the main square serves great and cheap (10kn) fried, deep fried and baked potatoes with a large variety of dipps for takeout.
There are also food chains such as the international "McDonalds" and "Daily Fresh" located arround the city. Cheap food/sandwiches can also be bought at most bakery chains like "Mlinar", "Pan Pek" and the preferred "Dubravica" also located arround the city. (Sandwich price arround the city varies from 10 to 20 kn). You can also find many kebabs and pancake to go places.
"Manzoku" An excellent Japanese take-out located in Gajeva street.
Žirafa (Maksimirska cesta 64) cheap mexican food and drinks. Nice summer terrace.
Restaurant Kvatric, Maksimirska 9; ++ 385 1 2330 070, . Croatian restaurant with very nice food for a reasonable price. Has a nice terrance in the back garden. Close to tramstop 'Kvaternikov Trg'.
Mali Medo, Tkalčićeva 36; +385 1 4929 613. Another traditional Croatian restaurant. Lively atmosphere, youthful clientele, and all very affordable (mains 20-40 kuna). Excellent ćevapčići and gulaš, not to mention superb beer.
To locate in terms of price
Le Bistro, Mihanovićeva 1; ++ 385 1 45 66 666. A French restaurant within the Regent Esplanade Hotel
Ivica i Marica, Tkalčićeva 70, Tel: +385 1 481 7321 or +385 1 482 8999,. Wonderful food made only from natural ingredients, many sourced locally. Open every day except Mon 12PM-11PM.
Pivnica Medvedgrad Samoborska cesta 217, Božidara Adžije 16, Tkalčićeva 36, . Great food and beer for reasonable prices (10 HRK for 0.5l). Make sure to try 'čvarkuša' (4 HRK).
Srčeko, Vinogradska 135, ++ 385 1 373 10 07, M-Sa 12AM - 11PM, Su 12AM-6PM, a very romantic little restaurant.
Velika Klet obitelji Bunčić ++385 1/ 2781-132 | 01/ 2781-133 | fax: 01/ 2781-140. although technically not in Zagreb, but in Dugo Selo - a town 20 km far from Zagreb center, which is part of the metropolitan area - this is a very popular place that offers Croatian cuisine, live music on weekends, a stable, fish pond and basketball courtyard.
Takenoko, Nova Ves 11 (Centar Kaptol); ++ 385 1 48 60 530, . Zagreb may not be synonymous with sushi restaurants, but this is one is superb. It is located in the Kaptol Centar Shopping Center. It is not cheap, but sushi they make is incredible.
Asia, A. Šenoe 1; ++ 385 1 48 41 218. Chinese restaurant open 12AM-12PM
Restaurant Suhina, Dr. F. Tuđmana 1, Orešje near the Podsused bridge, ++ 385 44 1 33 71 562. An old family-run restaurant on the old Samobor road that offers a variety of roasted food.
Panino, Nova Ves 11 (Centar Kaptol); ++ 385 1 46 69 013, . Nice little restaurant with great service and wonderful food. If you are into French and Istrian style food you will probably love this place.
Mex Cantina, Savska cesta 154, +385 1 6192-156; Mexican food. Good service, great food, on Mondays (starting at 9PM) they offer live music by the best Croatian mariachi band, Los Caballeros.
Caramba, Frankopanska 6, Mexican food.
"Feniks" - mexican food, 5 minutes walk from the Zagreb's main square. Address: Jurisiceva 19. Tel: 01/481 44 11
Boban, Gajeva 9, Italian food.
Opium, Branimirova 29, Thai food.
Drink & nightlife
Zagreb offers a large number of barrs arround the city, but one of the local traditions is sittin in numerous bars and caffes in the city center, any time of day, the whole year. Most of these are located arround Flover square (Cvjetni trg) and the main square (Trg Bana Josipa Jelačića), in Preradovićeva, Tkalčićeva, Radićeva, Bogovićeva, Gajeva streets and various other arround the area.
CICA (Tkalčićeva) bar mostly known for its great and varied choice of the local schnappses (rakija). Interresting always changing, gallery-like interior. The whole bar is small but offers outdoor seating. Very popular and crowdy, brimming with young bussiness and student clientelle.
Funk (Tkalčićeva) caffe/ bar that offers various music night programmes in the basement (moslty alternative, dj-s, world music) and spacial backpacker evenings.
Mali Medo (Tkalčićeva) offers a good choice of local beer and food. Indoors smoking prohibited. Has a terrace in Tkalčićeva street.
Melin (Tkalčićeva) is a cheap bar brimming with young people and students. Offers indoors, a roofed terraced leveled seating and an open terrace facing the Tkalčićeva street. Known for crowds of people often drinking even arround the bar, in the park and playgroung in front of it.
Portal (Tkalčićeva) next to the Melin, offers same service, the Portal and Melin crowds often mix at the outdoors terraces.
Oliver Twist (Tkalčićeva) A choice of good Irish beer with a great atmosphere. Big summer terrace in front.
Tolkien's (Opatovina) a small fantasy caffe/bar for Tolkien lovers. Offers a variety of beers, cider and hot drinks.
Golf (Preradovićeva) popular Golf themed caffe/bar. Open till 2 a.m.
KIC (Preradovićeva) offers free internet and cheap international call center. Hosts a cinema wtih various alternative movies.
Kino Grič (Jurišićeva) newly re-decorated old cinema. Hosts movies, festivals and misic nights.
Krivi put (Runjaninova 3) is a favourite place for local students and members of various alternative ranges to hang out, every night of the week and esp. on weekends. Large place located in a secluded area between the Botanical Garden and the railroad to the south it offers cheap drinks and recently added fast food bar (offering fries, saussages, clamari, breads etc.) served indoors or at the large crowdy terrace. May look a bit shabby but its always lively and sometimes hosts djs,concerts and various exibitions.
Purgeraj (Park Ribnjak) is a bar/club located in the Ribnjak park in the city center. Offers mostly rock, blues and alternative music. Daily happy hour when you get two drinks (selection) for a price of one. Sometimes hosts concerts. Popular with student crowd esp on Thursdays when it hosts the newly popular "take me out" evening offering a mix of indie and alternative music. In the summer, outside Purgeraj, in the Ribnjak park there are live concerts and various workshops offering summer fun under the name "Park In Zagreb".
Pivnica Medvedgrad( (see at 'Eat')
BOOKSA (Martićeva 14d) a caffe/bookshop/library famous with the local young intelectuals.
KSET (Unska 3) is a popular student club. Offers various indie and alternative programmes every night of the week. Indoors smoking prohibited. Serves only beer and non alcoholic drinks. Entrance prices from 10kn (students) to 45/60kn for concerts.
Močvara (Prisavlje) is a local alternative club (rock, punk, metal, indie)with various concerts and theme nights/programmes. Sometimes hosts festivals, young indie talent concerts, movie nights, exibitions etc.
B.P. Club, Nikole Tesle 7, (+385-1) 481 44 44,. Jazz and blues lovers should check it out. Open daily from 10 PM to 2AM.
The Jazz Club is a small club located in Gunduliceva street. Open daily, and has always jazz/blues/funk bands playing, very often from other countries.
SAX! - Klub hrvatskih glazbenika, Palmotićeva 22/2, (+385-1) 48 72 836, is a great place to enjoy live music of a wide array of styles including blues, jazz, rock and pop.
The Best, Jarunska 5, +385 1 3011 943, Largest club in Zagreb, out near the Jarun Lake complex. Mainly dance style music.
Hopdevil . A new bar, featuring live music on Tuesdays and Thursdays, plus a DJ on Saturday nights, it has 101 different types of Belgian beer. The unique interior features a waterfall that runs along entire wall, and stone archways. The water from the waterfall flows beneath a glass floor, which you can sit on.
Aquarius, Aleja Matije Ljubeka bb (Jarun Lake), -Saturday night is drum'n'bass & dancehall music, Friday is hip-hop/r'n'b night. Good concerts.
Boogaloo, Ulica Grada Vukovara 68, Tel: 385 1 6313 022. Good electronic music. A bit expensive but worth seeing. Bar, restaurant and disco.
Jabuka, Jabukovac 28 Tel: 01/48 34 397 Cult club for alternative, punk music. Cheap drinks opened on weekends,o ften concerts of alternative bands. Mostly visited on weekends esp Fridays.
Sirup (Donje Svetice 40) Interresting interiour/atmosphere. Good electronic music. A bit expensive entrance fees but worth seeing.
Zagreb is the hub of five major Croatian highways. Until a few years ago all Croatian highways either started or ended in Zagreb.
The highway A6 was upgraded in October 2008 and leads from Zagreb to Rijeka, crossing 146.5 kilometers (91.0 mi) and forming a part of the Pan-European Corridor Vb. The upgraded coincided with the Mura Bridge opening on A4 and the completion of the Hungarian M7, which marked the opening of the first freeway corridor between Rijeka and Budapest.The A1 starts at Lučko interchange and concurs with the A6 up to the Bosiljevo interchange, connecting Zagreb and Split (As of October 2008 Vrgorac). A further extension of the A1 up to Dubrovnik is under construction. Both highways are tolled by the Croatian highway authorities Hrvatske autoceste and Autocesta Rijeka - Zagreb.
Highway A3 (formerly named Bratstvo i jedinstvo) was the showpiece of Croatia in the SFRY. It is the oldest Croatian highway. A3 forms a part of the Pan-European Corridor X. The highway starts at the Bregana border crossing, bypasses Zagreb forming the southern arch of the Zagreb bypass and ends at Lipovac near the Bajakovo border crossing. It continues in Southeast Europe in the direction of Near East. This highway is tolled except for the stretch between Bobovica and Ivanja Reka interchanges.
Highway A2 is a part of the Corridor Xa. It connects Zagreb and the frequently congested Macelj border crossing, forming a near-continuous motorway-level link between Zagreb and Western Europe. Forming a part of the Corridor Vb, highway A4 starts in Zagreb forming the northeastern wing of the Zagreb bypass and leads to Hungary until the Goričan border crossing. It is the least used highway around Zagreb.
The railway and the highway A3 along the Sava river that extend to Slavonia (towards Slavonski Brod, Vinkovci, Osijek and Vukovar) are some of the busiest traffic corridors in the country.The railway running along the Sutla river and the A2 highway (Zagreb-Macelj) running through Zagorje, as well as traffic connections with the Pannonian region and Hungary (the Zagorje railroad, the roads and railway to Varaždin - Čakovec and Koprivnica) are linked with truck routes. The southern railway connection to Split operates on a high-speed tilting trains line via the Lika region (renovated in 2004 to allow for a five-hour journey); a faster line along the Una river valley is currently in use only up to the border between Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The city has an avenue network with several main arteries up to ten lanes wide and Zagreb bypass, a congested four-lane highway encircling most of the city. There is much congestion in the city center during the rush hour and a daytime parking problem. Finding a parking space is supposed to be made somewhat easier by the construction of new underground multi-story parking lots (Importanne Center, Importanne Gallery, Lang Square, Tuškanac, Kvaternik Square, Klaić Street, etc.). The busiest roads are the main east-west artery, former Highway "Brotherhood and Unity", consisting of Ljubljanska Avenue, Zagrebačka Avenue and Slavonska Avenue; and the Vukovarska Avenue, the closest bypass of the city center. The avenues were supposed to alleviate traffic problem, but most of them are today gridlocked at rush hour and others, like Branimirova Avenue are gridlocked during the whole day.
Public transportation in the city is organized in two layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by trams and the outer suburbs are linked with buses. The public transportation company, ZET (Zagrebački električni tramvaj, Zagreb Electric Tram), operating trams, all inner bus lines, and the most of the suburban lines, is subsidized by the city council.
The funicular (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction. Taxis are readily available with the prices significantly higher than in other Croatian cities.
As of 1992, the state rail operator HŽ (Hrvatske željeznice, Croatian Railways) has been developing a network of suburban trains in metropolitan Zagreb area.
Zagreb has an extensive tram network with 15 day and 4 night lines covering much of the inner- and middle-suburbs of the city. The first tram line was opened on September 5, 1891 and trams have been serving as a vital component of Zagreb mass transit ever since. Trams usually travel at speeds of 30–70 km/h (19-44 mph), but slow considerably during rush hour. The network is unique as it operates mostly at the curb.
An ambitious program is currently underway to replace old trams with the new and modern ones built mostly in Zagreb by companies Končar elektroindustrija and, to a lesser extent, by TŽV Gredelj. Dubbed "TMK 2200", 70 trams have been delivered in 2005–2007 period, and delivery of additional 70 trams is contracted and already started.
Suburban rail network
In 2005, suburban rail services were increased to a 15-minute frequency serving the middle and outer suburbs of Zagreb, primarily in the east-west direction and to the southern districts. This has enhanced commuting opportunity. A new link to the nearby town of Samobor has been announced and is due to start construction in 2009. This link will be standard-gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations (the previous narrow-gauge line to Samobor was closed in the 1970s).
Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA), known as 'Pleso Airport' is the main Croatian international airport, a 20 km (12 mi) drive southeast of Zagreb in the suburb of Pleso. The airport is also the main Croatian airbase featuring a fighter squadron, helicopters, as well as military and freight transport aircraft. New terminal is planned for 2011 to replace the current inadequate building, with construction commencing in 2008.
Zagreb also has a second, smaller airport, Lučko (ICAO: LDZL). It is home to sports airplanes and a Croatian special police unit, as well as being a military helicopter airbase. Lučko used to be the main airport of Zagreb from 1947 to 1959.
A third, small grass airfield, Buševec, is located just outside Velika Gorica. It is primarily used for sports purposes
Zagreb International Airport (IATA: ZAG) (ICAO: LDZA), is located 17km south-east from the city center in the district of Pleso.
Croatia Airlines, the national carrier and member of Star Alliance, flies to Amsterdam, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, London, Madrid, Moscow, Munich, Paris, Podgorica, Pristina, Tel Aviv, Rome, Sarajevo, Skopje, Vienna, Zurich. Domestically, Croatia Airlines operates numerous flights to Split, Dubrovnik, Zadar, Osijek (seasonal) and Pula.
THY-Turkish Air Lines flies to/from Istanbul daily
Lufthansa flies several times a day to Munich and Frankfurt, and low-cost carrier German Wings flies to and from Cologne, Stuttgart, Hamburg and Berlin (Schönefeld).
Austrian operates many flights to Vienna each day.
CSA Czech Airlines flies from Prague to Zagreb all year round.
TAP Portugal flies from Zagreb to Lisbon three times a week (Wednesdays, Fridays, Sundays) via Bologna in Italy.
Wizz Air flies between Zagreb and London (Luton Airport).
Iberia operates flights to Madrid from Summer 2009.
SAS operates flights to Stockholm. - but this service is currently suspended since mid-2009
BH Airlines connects Sarajevo and Mostar with Zagreb.
Air France operates flights to Paris (Charles de Galle)
Aeroflot flies to Moscow.
MALEV, the Hungarian national carrier, flies 3 times daily to Budapest
Spanair , operates direct flights to Barcelona from Summer 2010.
Neighboring airports in Rijeka, Ljubljana, Graz, Klagenfurt and Trieste are serviced by low-cost carriers and are often a viable alternative to travelling directly to Zagreb. EasyJet flies to Rijeka, Ljubljana and Ryan Air flies to Pula,Graz and Klagenfurt.
There is a bus link between the airport (Zračna luka) and the bus station (Autobusni kolodvor) in Zagreb. A single (one-way) ticket costs 30 kuna (~ 4,2 Euro). The bus leaves the airport at 7AM and every thirty minutes between 8AM and 8PM. Between the last regular bus at 8PM and the first one at 7AM the next morning, there is a bus leaving for the bus station every time a Croatia Airlines plane lands.
The bus line between the bus station and the airport is slightly more complicated. Full details are available in English from . The busses are located at the edge (facing city center) of the bus station. You'll see "croatia airlines" and "eurolines" written on that part of the building.
Zagreb is a railway hub which has direct services to major European cities such as Vienna (6 hours), Budapest, Zurich, Munich, Berlin, Salzburg, Venice, Ljubljana, Sarajevo, Thessalonika, Belgrade as well as domestic services to all major towns (except Dubrovnik). There is also an all-year-round overnight train (with sleeping compartments) between Zagreb and Split.
Rail travel times within Croatia have been made competitive with car travel in many instances with new 160kph “tilting trains” connecting Zagreb with Split and other major cities in Croatia such as Varaždin, Osijek and Požega. If you make a reservation early enough you can get a substantial discount.
Tourists coming from or going to neighbouring capitals should note the following EuroCity and InterCity railway lines:
EC "Mimara": Frankfurt - Heidelberg - Stuttgart - Munich - Salzburg - Ljubljana - Zagreb
EC "Croatia": Vienna - Maribor - Zagreb
IC "Kvarner": Budapest - Zagreb
EN "Venezia": Budapest - Zagreb - Ljubljana - Venice
B "Lisinski": Munich - Salzburg - Ljubljana - Zagreb
B "Zürichsee": Zurich - Innsbruck - Ljubljana - Zagreb - Belgrade
EC "Sava": Munich - Salzburg - Ljubljana - Zagreb - Belgrade
Most services are operated by the Croatian Railways , whose schedules are also available on the internet in English.
Almost all highways (autocesta) in Croatia start or end in Zagreb.
Travellers from Vienna can take the A2 highway upon entering Croatia.
Travellers from Budapest and Varaždin can use the A4. The Croatian part of the highway is finished, while the Hungarian portion is expected to be completed in 2007.
Travellers heading from Serbia, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece and Turkey can use the A3 highway to reach Zagreb.
Travellers heading from Ljubljana can use the A3. The Slovenian portion of the highway is still under construction and yet it is subjected to an exorbitant toll. Travellers going through or from Italy can bypass Slovenia using state route SS21 through Trieste, route E61 through Slovenia (in a bad shape) and A7 south to Rijeka, then Rijeka bypass, then A6 east to Bosiljevo and A1 northeast to Zagreb
Travellers heading from the Dalmatian coast or Montenegro can use the A1 highway (sometimes known as Jadransko-Jonska autocesta: Adriatic-Ionian highway). Those heading from Dubrovnik should note that the section between Ravča and Ploče is under construction and will be finished in 2009.
Those travelling to or from Rijeka and Istria can use the A6 - whose last two-lane part is due to be upgraded to four lanes in 2008 - then the A1.
To use highways in Croatia you must pay a toll either in Croatian national currency, the kuna, or in euros. One may also pay by credit card- American Express, Diners, Master Card, Maestro or Visa cards. A third option is to use the HAC Smart Card, which can reduce the cost of travelling on the Croatian highways by 10-25%. It is issued by Hrvatske Autoceste , but pays off only if travelling more than 500 km (that's a return trip Zagreb-Zadar or Zagreb-Serbia) or 250 km for a seasonal Smart Card (a return trip Zagreb-Rijeka or two return trips to Zagreb from Austrian border).
The central bus station (Autobusni Kolodvor) is located to the south-east of the railway station - approximately 10 minutes walk, or 3 stops by tram (lines 2 and 6). Timetable information and prices can be found on the AKZ website .
Numerous Croatian and International coach operators maintain scheduled lines covering all major domestic and European cities, as far as London, Paris, Rotterdam and Amsterdam, numerous cities in Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Hungary, many destinations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia.
Zagreb has a well-developed and efficient public transport system that consists of trams, buses and trains. The tram network (route map operates 24 hours a day - from 4AM to 12AM there are 15 "day-time lines" (tram lines 1-9, 11-15 and 17), and from 12AM to 4AM there are 4 "night" lines (tram lines 31-34) which cover most of the day-time lines on a reduced (around 30-40 minute) frequency. Occasionally, buses replace trams on night lines. Tram line 3 does not operate Saturdays, Sundays and on public holidays. There are maps of the tram lines on almost every stop, so if you know the nearest stop to your destination you can simply figure out the shortest trip while you're at the stop.
The price of a single-ticket valid for 1.5 hours is 10 Kunas (~ 1.5€) only paid in local currency Kuna. There is also a 24 hours ticket (dnevna karta) available at 25 Kuna (~ 3.5 €). Buy a tram ticket (from the nearby TISAK stands located near each stop, or from the tram driver) and punch it (insert it) in the little orange machine once you enter to validate. If you plan on taking more than one ride on a tram during your stay in Zagreb, buy a daily ticket. If you're up to two tram stops from the Ban Jelačić Square (main city square) your ride will be free.
As for the buses, there are 113 day-time and 4 night lines. Buses cover the area outside the city center including neighboring towns that administratively belong to Zagreb county as well as some frequent inner-city routes. The buses use the same ticketing system as the trams.
A historic funicular (uspinjača in Croatian) railway (one of the steepest in the world) operates between the lower and upper towns. Valid monthly, daily as well as single tram/bus ticket can be used, otherwise there is a small fee for a ride.
Trains operated by Croatian Railways (Hrvatske Željeznice) run every 15 minutes from east to west, connecting the suburbs of Zagreb with the central railway station. They are usually the quickest form of transport for those coming from the areas of Zagreb far from the railway station (Glavni kolodvor), or beyond the tram network.
Whether you arrive in Zagreb by airplane or train and you need transportation to your final destination (hotel, apartment or private accommodation) you can use taxi service by calling 970. Taxi usually comes within 10 to 15 minutes from the call except in busy summer season where it depends on how much business they have. When calling taxi service from a cellular phone you need to dial city area code 01
. You can also book online your transportation which is great when you are in a hurry or have a larger number of people in need of transportation, or you just want everything organized in advance. Zagreb airport transfer has tariffs, service details and you can make bookings.
Zagreb's taxis are plentiful, as they are among the most expensive in the world (due to the monopolistic position of the taxi drivers' union. Starting rates as of June 2005 are fixed at 19 kn (~2,5 €), the price per kilometer is 7 kn/km (~0.95 €/km), waiting by the hour is 50 kn/h (~6,8 €/h) and an additional fee for luggage is charged (3 kn per piece (0,4 € per piece of luggage)). Bear in mind that all the rates go up 20% from 10 PM to 5 AM (Mon-Sat) and during Sundays and national holidays (the whole day). Taxis are readily available at the Pleso international airport and offer a ride to the city center at a fixed rate of 150 kn (~21 €). Taxis are obliged to have their taxi-meter on and you won't fare well if you try to bargain.
Try to avoid taxi services while staying in Zagreb because of the unfavorable quality over price ratio.